M 51

M 51—The Whirlpool Galaxy

M 51—The Whirlpool Galaxy

Ultra-deep view of the Whirlpool Galaxy—a collaboration project initiated by Yuri Toropin.

How deep amateurs can go? The Hubble Ultra Deep Field has inspired amateurs from the very first moment it became available. In 2010, Yuri Toropin, PhD, has started an international collaboration project whereby many amateurs worldwide have submitted their M51 imaging data into a single large dataset. This is my own version of processing this wonderful collection of photons.

Post-processed on 24″ iMac using PixInsight, eXcalibrator, Aladin Sky Atlas and Adobe Photoshop CS4.

Image Data

Source FITS files contain data from the following telescopes:

Author Telescope D, mm F Ratio Camera Pixel Size, micron Exposure, min
Andrey Kuznetsov Astrosib RC-360 360 8.00 FLI PL-09000 12.00 390
Boris Satovskyy Astrosib RC-360 360 8.00 SBIG STL-11000M 9.00 460
Dmitry Ivanov Newtonian, 230/1105 + Paracorr 230 5.53 QHY-9 5.40 390
Harry Page Newtonian, 14″ f/5 352 5.00 SXVF H16 7.40 425
Igor Chekalin TAL-250K + Focal Reducer 250 6.00 Canon 350Da 6.40 630
Ivan Ionov Newtonian, 250/1250 250 5.00 QHY2Pro 6.45 116
Nikita Shamorgin Astrosib RC-508 508 8.00 Canon 5D Mk.II 6.40 690
Oleg Milantiev Newtonian 250/1250 + Paracorr 250 5.75 Canon 450Da 5.31 1230
Pedro Re TMB 152mm APO 152 8.00 SBIG ST-10XE 6.80 300
Russel Croman RCOS 20″ f/8 Ritchey-Cretien + FC 502 8.00 SBIG STL-11000M 9.00 945
Steve Mazlin RCOS 16″ f/8.7 Ritchey-Cretien 402 8.70 SBIG STL-11000M 9.00 1740
Vlad Onoprienko Santel 9″ Maksutov-Cassegrain 228 7.63 SBIG ST-2000XM 7.40 435
Yuriy Toropin TEC 140ED APO 140 7.00 QSI-583wg 5.40 495

Copyright Disclaimer

Ultra Deep Amateur Shot of M51
Obtained on Variety of Setups

Copyright 2010

Andrey Kuznetsov, Boris Satovskyy, Dmitry Ivanov, Harry Page, Igor Checkalin,
Ivan Ionov, Nikita Shamorgin, Oleg Milantiev, Pedro Re, Russel Croman,
Steven Mazlin, Vlad Onoprienko, Yuriy Toropin

Included image of M51 galaxy was compiled from
materials obtained by the following amateur
astrophotographers (in alphabetic order):

Andrey Kuznetsov
Boris Satovskyy
Dmitry Ivanov
Harry Page
Igor Checkalin
Ivan Ionov
Nikita Shamorgin
Oleg Milantiev
Pedro Re
Russel Croman
Steven Mazlin
Vlad Onoprienko
Yuriy Toropin

You can use and modify supplied data in any way with only two obligations:
1) you have to mention the copyright of the group stated above in case if you
will publicly present any product of any kind in that supplied data or
any part of it was used.
2) this Disclaimer file should be distributed together with provided materials.

Contact Yuriy Toropin (yuriy.toropin(at)gmail.com) in case of any questions
related to supplied materials or their use.


1972ApJ...178..623T Galactic Bridges and Tails Toomre, Alar; Toomre, Juri; Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 178, pp. 623-666 (1972) Dec 1972
2010ASPC..434..139O The Herschel Data Processing System — HIPE and Pipelines — Up and Running Since the Start of the Mission Ott, S.; Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems XIX. Proceedings of a conference held October 4-8, 2009 in Sapporo, Japan. Edited by Yoshihiko Mizumoto, Koh-Ichiro Morita, and Masatoshi Ohishi. ASP Conference Series, Vol. 434. San Francisco: Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 2010., p.139 Dec 2010
2003AJ....125..525J The 2MASS Large Galaxy Atlas Jarrett, T. H.; Chester, T.; Cutri, R.; Schneider, S. E.; Huchra, J. P.; The Astronomical Journal, Volume 125, Issue 2, pp. 525-554. Feb 2003
1981seng.proc..111T What amplifies the spirals Toomre, A.; In: The structure and evolution of normal galaxies; Proceedings of the Advanced Study Institute, Cambridge, England, August 3-15, 1980. (A82-11951 02-90) Cambridge and New York, Cambridge University Press, 1981, p. 111-136. 1981
1983ApJ...265..148S The molecular gas distribution in M51 Scoville, N.; Young, J. S.; Astrophysical Journal, Part 1, vol. 265, Feb. 1, 1983, p. 148, 149, 151-155, 157-165. Feb 1983
2005ApJ...633..857D Infrared Spectral Energy Distributions of Nearby Galaxies Dale, D. A.; Bendo, G. J.; Engelbracht, C. W.; Gordon, K. D.; Regan, M. W.; Armus, L.; Cannon, J. M.; Calzetti, D.; Draine, B. T.; Helou, G.; Joseph, R. D.; Kennicutt, R. C.; Li, A.; Murphy, E. J.; Roussel, H.; Walter, F.; Hanson, H. M.; Hollenbach, D. J.; Jarrett, T. H.; Kewley, L. J.; and 8 coauthors The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 633, Issue 2, pp. 857-870. Nov 2005
1988Natur.334..402V Star formation in giant molecular associations synchronized by a spiral density wave Vogel, S. N.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Scoville, N. Z.; Nature (ISSN 0028-0836), vol. 334, Aug. 4, 1988, p. 402-406. Aug 1988
2013ApJ...779...42S The PdBI Arcsecond Whirlpool Survey (PAWS). I. A Cloud-scale/Multi-wavelength View of the Interstellar Medium in a Grand-design Spiral Galaxy Schinnerer, Eva; Meidt, Sharon E.; Pety, Jérôme; Hughes, Annie; Colombo, Dario; García-Burillo, Santiago; Schuster, Karl F.; Dumas, Gaëlle; Dobbs, Clare L.; Leroy, Adam K.; Kramer, Carsten; Thompson, Todd A.; Regan, Michael W.; The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 779, Issue 1, article id. 42, 29 pp. (2013). Dec 2013
2013MNRAS.431.2317S The Herschel census of infrared SEDs through cosmic time Symeonidis, M.; Vaccari, M.; Berta, S.; Page, M. J.; Lutz, D.; Arumugam, V.; Aussel, H.; Bock, J.; Boselli, A.; Buat, V.; Capak, P. L.; Clements, D. L.; Conley, A.; Conversi, L.; Cooray, A.; Dowell, C. D.; Farrah, D.; Franceschini, A.; Giovannoli, E.; Glenn, J.; and 40 coauthors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 431, Issue 3, p.2317-2340 May 2013
2013AJ....145....6J Extending the Nearby Galaxy Heritage with WISE: First Results from the WISE Enhanced Resolution Galaxy Atlas Jarrett, T. H.; Masci, F.; Tsai, C. W.; Petty, S.; Cluver, M. E.; Assef, Roberto J.; Benford, D.; Blain, A.; Bridge, C.; Donoso, E.; Eisenhardt, P.; Koribalski, B.; Lake, S.; Neill, James D.; Seibert, M.; Sheth, K.; Stanford, S.; Wright, E.; The Astronomical Journal, Volume 145, Issue 1, article id. 6, 34 pp. (2013). Jan 2013

Other 190 records retrieved but not showed.

The original query on ADS is available HERE.
Service offered by The SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System.

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